Indian classical dance. Kuchipudi style.




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Nritta Hastas. The Decorative Gestures of Hands

These hastas are used only in Nritta or pure dance. The great Bharata mentions 30 hastas in his Natyashastra. Kuchipudi uses them all.


SHLOKA:

CHATURASRO TATHO DRUTTOU
TATHEI TALYAMUKHOU SMRUTOU

SWASTIKO VIPRAKIRNAMCHA
ARALAKATAKAMUKHOU

AVIDDHAVAKROU SUCHASYOU
RECHITA VARDHARECHITOU

UTTANAVANCHITOUCHEYVA
PALLAVOUCHA TATHA KAROU

NITAMBAVATI VIGNEYOU
KESHABADHU TATHAIVACHA

LATAKYAICHA TATHA PRAKTOU
KARIHASTU TATHAIVACHA

PAKSHAVANCHITAKOUCHEIVA
PAKSHOPRADYOTAKOU TATHA

GNEYAYU GARUDAPAKSHOUCHA
DANDAPAKSHOU TATHEIVACHA

URDHVAMANDALINOU CHEIVA
PARSHVAMANDALINOI TATHA

UROMANDALINOU CHEIVA
URAHPARSHVADHAMANDALE

MUSHTIKASWASTIKOCHAPI
NALINIPADMAKOSHAKO

ALLAPALLAVALBANEICHA
LALITO VALITO TATHA

1. CHATURASRA

VAKSHASTHOSHTANGULASTHOU

TU PRANGMUKOU KATAKAMUKHOU

SAMANA KURPARAMSOU TU

CHATURASTROU PRAKIRTITOU


 

Meaning: When elbows are held in line with shoulders and hands in the Katakamukha position are stretched out in front of the chest with the palms facing away from the body, this is the Chaturasra hasta.

2. UDVRTTA

HAMSAPAKSHAKURTOU HASTOU

VYAVRUTOU TALAVRUNTAVAT

UDHVRUTHAVITI VIGNEYAVATHAVA

TALAVRUNTAKOU


 

Meaning: If at first both hands in the Hamsapaksha position are in front of the chest and then each hand moves up and down to its original position alternately thus resembling the swaying movement of a palm leaf in the wind, this is the Udvrtta hasta.

3. TALAMUKHA

CHATURASRA STHITOU HASTOU

HAMSAPAKAKSHAKRUTOU TATHA

TIRYAKSTHITOU CHABHIMUKOU

GNEYOU TALAMUKA VITI


 

Meaning: This hand gesture is similar to the Chaturasra hasta. The only difference is that the palms of two hands in the Katakamukha position must face each other. Then it is the Talamukha hasta.

4. SWASTIKA

TAVEVA MANIBANDHANTE

SWASTIKAKRUTI SANCHITOU

 




 

Meaning: When the hands in the Talamukha hasta are crossed at wrists, this gesture becomes the Swastika hasta.

5. VIPRAKIRNA

SWASTIKAVITI VIKYATOU

VICHYUTOU VIPRAKIRNAKOU

 




 

Meaning: When the Swastika hasta turns into the Talamukha hasta, it becomes the Viprakirna hasta.

6. ARALA KATAKAMUKHA

ALAPALLAVASAMSTHANAVURDHV

ASYOU PADMAKOSHAKOU

ARALA KATAKAYOU VA ARALA

KATAKAMUKOU


 

Meaning: If palms of two hands are turned upwards from the Allapallava (Alapadma) position and through the Padmakosha position and the right hand transforms into the Katakamukha hasta and the left hand transforms into the Arala hasta, then this is the Arala Katakamukha hasta.

7. AVIDDHAVAKRA

BHUJAMSAKURPARAGRAISTU

KUTILAVARTITOU KAROU

PARANGMUKHATAYAVIDDHOU

GNEYAVAVIDDHA VAKRAKOU


 

Meaning: When two hands with palms downwards are in the Pataka position, shoulders, elbows and hands are in one level, then hands make graceful movements (palms are raised a little and turned forward and again downwards), then this is the Aviddhavakra hasta.

8. SUCHIMUKHA

HASTOU TU SARPASIRASOU

MADHYAMANGUSHTAKOU YADA

TIRYAKPRASARITASYOU CHA TADA

SUCHIIMUKOU SMRUTOU


 

Meaning: When two hands are in the Sarpasirsha position with the thumbs and middle fingers touching each other, then hands draw a circle and now little fingers of both hands in the Saprasirsha position touch each other, this is the Suchimukha hasta.

9. RECHITA

RECHITOU VAPI VIGNEYOU

HAMSAPAKSHODDHRUTA BHRAMOU

PRASARITOTTAKATALOU

RECHITAVEVA SANSTHITOU


 

Meaning: If two hands in the Hamsapaksha position move alternately up and down with palms looking upwards, this is the Rechita hasta.

10. ARDHARECHITA

CHATURASRO BHAVEDVAMAHA

SAVYAHASTASCHA RECHITAHA

VIGNEYOU NRUTTATATVAGNAI

RARDHARECHITA SANGNAKOU


 

Meaning: If the left hand is in the Chaturasra position and the right hand is in the Rechita position, this is the Ardharechita hasta.

11. UTTANAVANCHITA

ANCHITOU KURPARAMSOU TU

TRIPATAKA KAROU

KINCHITTIRYAGGATAVETOU

SMRUTA VUTTANA VANCHITOU


 

Meaning: If two hands in the Tripataka position are slightly bent in elbows, and shoulders and elbows move gently up and down in swaying movements, this is the Uttanavanchita hasta.

12. PALLAVA

MANIBANDHANMUKTOU TU

PATAKOU PALLAVOU SMRUTOU

 




 

Meaning: If two hands in the Pataka position are held in front of the chest and crossed at wrists, this is the Pallava hasta.

13. NITAMBA

BAHUSIRSHADVINISHKRANTOU

NITAMBAVITI KIRTITOU

 




 

Meaning: When two hands in the Pataka position move from shoulders to hips, this is the Nitamba hasta.

14. KESHABANDHU

KESHADESADVINISHKRANTOU

PARIPARSHVA STHITOU YADA

VIGNEYOU KESHABANDHAKYOU

KARAVACHARYA SAMMATOU


 

Meaning: If hands are in the Pataka position and move constantly top-down from the top of the head to be found on both sides of face, this is the Keshabandhu hasta.

15. LATA

TIRYAKPRASARITOU CHEIVA

PARSHVASAMSTHOU TATHEIVACHA

LATAKYOUCHA KAROU GNEYOU

NUTTABHINAYANAM PRATI


 

Meaning: If two hands in the Pataka position are stretched sideways and elbows are in line with shoulders, this is the Lata hasta.

16. KARIHASTA

SAMMUNNATO LATAHASTAHA

PARSHVATPARSHVAM VILOLITAHA

TRIPATAKOPARAHA KARNE

KARIHASTOU PRAKIRTITOU


 

Meaning: When the left hand is held near the ear in the Tripataka position and the right hand is stretched out in the Pataka position and moves from side to side, this is the Karihasta hasta. The similar movement should be done in the reverse order i.e. with the right hand held near the ear.

17. PAKSHAVANCHITAKA

KATISIRSHANIVISHTAGROU

TRIPATAKOU YADA KAROU

PAKSHAVANCHITAKOU HASTOU

TADA GNEYOU PRAYOKTRUBIHI


 

Meaning: If the right hand in the Tripataka position is about six inches away from the waist with the palm facing the floor and the left hand is six inches above the head with the palm turned to the right, this is the Pakshavanchitaka hasta.

18. PAKSHAPRADHOTAKA

TAVEVA TU PARAVRUTOU

PAKSHAPRADHYOTAKOU SMRUTOU

 




 

Meaning: When hands in the Pakshavanchita position are reversed i.e. the right hand is above the head and the left hand is near the waist, this is the Pakshapradhotaka hasta.

19. GARUDAPAKSHA

ADHOMUKA TALAVIDHDOU

GNEYOU GARUDA PAKSHAKOU

 




 

Meaning: If both hands in the Tripataka position are placed on both sides of the body with the palms facing the hips and then they are lifted up and positioned at least a foot away from either side of the head with the palms facing up, this is the Garudapaksha hasta.

20. DANDAPAKSHA

HAMSAPASHARUTOU HASTOU

VYAVRUTA PARIVARTITOU

YATHA PRASARITA BHUJOU

DANDAPAKSHAVITI SMRUTOU


 

Meaning: If both hands in the Hamsapaksha position in front of the chest are moved alternately sideways until each hand is one level with shoulder, this is the Dandapaksha hasta.

21. URDHVAMANDALI

VURDHVAMANDALINOU HASTA

VURDHVADESA VIVARTANAT

 




 

Meaning: When two hands in the Pataka position are fully extended upwards with the palms facing each other and fingers pointing towards the sky, this is the Urdhvamandali hasta.

22. PARSHVAMANDALI

TAVEVA PARSHVA VINYASTOU

PARSHVAMANDALINOU SMRUTOU

VUDVESHTITO BHAVEDEKO

DVITYASCHA VISESHTITAHA


 

Meaning: When two hands in the Pataka position are stretched out sideways with the palms facing each other, this is the Parshvamandali hasta.

23. UROMANDALI

BHRAMITAVURASAHA STHANE

HYURO MANDALINOU SMRUTOU

 




 

Meaning: If two hands in the Pataka position are held in front of the chest with palms facing up and then the palms with stretched fingers are lifted up and make circular motions so that the left hand is above the head with fingers facing up and the right hand with the palm facing down and fingers pointing to the right is stretched sideways simultaneously with the left hand, this is the Uromandali hasta.

24. URAHPARSHVADHAMANDALI

ALAPALLAVAKARALA VURODHVA

BHRAMANA KRAMAT

PARSHVARTASCHA VIGNEYAVURAHA

PARSHVARDVAMANDALOU


 

Meaning: If at first both hands are held close to the chest, the right hand being in the Alapallava position and the left hand in the Arala position being stretched out to the left as much as possible and then both hands start moving simultaneously from side to side, this is the Urahparshvadhamandali hasta.

25. MUSHTIKASWASTIKA

HASTOU TU MANIBANDHANTE

KUNCHITAVANCHITOU YADYA

KATAKAKYOU TU TOU SYATAM

MUSHTIKASWASTIKOU TADA


 

Meaning: If at first both hands are held close to each other in the Arala position with fingers facing down and palms facing the body so that elbows are in one level with shoulders and then hands are lifted slightly, palms are turned upwards and hands move first into the Allapallava position (Alapadma) and then into the Katakamukha position and after that they cross at wrists on the waist level, this is the Mushtikaswastika hasta.

26. NALINIPADMAKOSHA

PADMAKOSOU YADYA HASTOU

VYAVARTAPARIVARTITOU

NALINI PADMAKOSOU TU TADA

GNEYOU PRAYOKTRUBIHI


 

Meaning: When two hands in the Padmakosha position move in front of the chest up and down with fingers running, this is the Nalinipadmakosha hasta.

27. ALAPALLAVA

KARAVUDVESHTITAGROU TU

PRAVIDHAYALAPALLAVOU

 




 

Meaning: If two hands in the Pataka position in front of the chest with palms facing down move upwards with fingers running delicately so that they rise to the shoulders level and palms start face each other, this is the Alapallava hasta.

28. ULBANA

VURDHVAPRASRARITA VIDHOU

VIGNEYA VULBANAVITI

 




 

Meaning: If hands in the Alapallava position shift from the in-front-of-the-chest position into the at-shoulders position and transform into the Pataka position, this is the Ulbana hasta.

29. LALITA

PALLAVOU CHA SIRODESE

SAMPRAPTOU LALITOU SMRUTOU

 




 

Meaning: When both hands move from the Ulbana position to the top of the head, this is the Lalita hasta.

30. VALITA

KURPARA SWASTIKAGATOU

LATAKYOU VALITAVITI

 




 

Meaning: When both hands in the Pataka position are crossed on the chest level in elbows, this is the Valita hasta.

 

 
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