Indian classical dance. Kuchipudi style.




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Samyuta Hastas. Double Hands Gestures

SHLOKA:

ANJALISCHA KAPOTASCHA
KARKATAH SWASTIKASTATHA

KATAKAVARDHAMANASCHA
UTSANGO NISHEDHASTATHA

DOLA PUSHPAPUTASCHAIVA
TATHA MAKARA EVA CHA

GAJADANTO VAHITTASCHA
VARDHAMANASTATHIVA CHA

ETE TU SAMYUTA HASTA MAYA
PROKTASTRAYODASHA
 

According to Natyashastra there are 13 types of Samyuta Hastas:

1. ANJALI

PUNASCHA SAMYUTAN HASTAN

GADATO ME NIBODHATA

PATAKABHYAM TU HASTABHYAM

SAMSLESHADANJALI SMRUTAHA
 

Meaning: If two palms in the Pataka position are joined together, it is the Anjali hasta.

Usages: This hasta is used for greetings and is held above the head to greet Gods, it is held between brows to greet Gurus and in front of the chest to greet Brahmins and scholars.

2. KAPOTA

UBHABHYAMAPI HASTABHYAM

ANYONYAN PARSHVA SANGRAHAT

HASTAH KAPOTAKO NAMA KARMA

CHASYA NIBODHATA
 

Meaning: When two hands in the Anjali position are folded as if holding a dove, it is the Kapota hasta.

Usages: salutation, agreement; to show fear, cold.

3. KARKATA

ANGULYO YASYA HASTASYA

ANYONYANTARANI SMRUTAHA

SA KARKATA ITI GNEYAHA KARAH

KARMA CHA VAKSYATE
 

Meaning: When the fingers of two hands are stretched out and intersected, it is the Karkata hasta.

Usages: bee's wax, massaging of arm or leg, yawning after awakening, supporting the chin, pulling down a branch.

4. SWASTIKA

MANIBANDHANAVINYASTAU

ARALOU VARDHAMANAKAU

UTTANAU VAMAPARSHVASTAU

SWASTIKA PARIKEERTITAHA
 

Meaning: When two hands in the Arala position are crossed vertically at the wrist and are shifted to the left, it is the Swastika hasta.

Usages: clouds, the sky, forests, sea, seasons, the earth.

5. KATAKA VARDHAMANAKA

KATAKA KATAKAIRNYASTAHA

KATAKAU VARMANAKAHA

SHRINGARARTHESHU YOKTAVYAHA

PRAMANAKARANE TATHA
 

Meaning: When two hands in the Katakamukha position are crossed at the wrist, it is the Kataka Vardhamanaka hasta.

Usages: to show Shringara (rasa "Erotica"), bowing down to person.

6. UTSANGA

ARALAU TU VIPARYASTAU

UTTANAVURDHVANATAU

UTSANGA ITI VIGNEYAHA

SPARSHASYA GRAHANE KARAHA
 

Meaning: When two hands in the Arala position are crossed and lifted up towards forearms, it is the Utsanga hasta.

Usages: feeling of touch, anger, jealousy.

7. NISHADHA

SA CHAPI DAKSHINO HASTAHA

SAMYAND MUSHTIKRITO BHAVET

ITYESHA NISHADHO HASTAHA

KARMA CHASYA NIBODHATA
 

Meaning: When the left hand of the Mukula hasta is covered by the right hand of the Mushti hasta, it is the Nishadha hasta.

Usages: patience, intoxication, arrogance.

8. DOLA

AMSAUPRASHITHILAU MUKTAU

PATAKAU PRAVILAMVITAU

YADYA BHAVETAM KARANE SA DOLA

ITI SMRUTAHA

 

 

 


 

Meaning: When both shoulders are released and both hands in the Pataka position are lowered along the body line, this is called the Dola hasta.

Usages: weakness, darkness, faint, idleness, passionate love.

9. PUSHPAPUTA

YASTU SARPASIRAH PROKTAHA

TASYANGULI NIRANTARAHA

DVITYAH PARSHVASUSLISHTAHA

SA TU PUSHPAPUTA SMRUTAHA
 

Meaning: When two hands in the Sarpasirsha position are closely pressed to each other, it is called the Pushpaputa hasta.

Usages: to show the receiving or carrying of rice, fruit, flowers and the taking or removing of water.

10. MAKARA

PATAKAU TU YADA HASTAU

MURDHVANGUSHTAVADHO MUKHAU

UPARYUPARI VINYASTAU TADA

SA MAKARA KARAHA
 

Meaning: When the palms of two hands in the Pataka position are turned downwards and placed one over the other with the thumbs lifted, it is called the Makara hasta.

Usages: fish, crocodile.

11. GAJADANTO

KURPARASANCHITAU HASTAU

YADASTANAM SARPASIRSHAKAU

GAJADANTAH SA VIGNEYAHA

KARMA CHASA NIBODHATA
 

Meaning: When two hands in the Sarpasirsha position are placed on the forearms, it is called the Gajadanto hasta.

Usages: the bride and the groom, excessive weight, embracing a pillar.

12. AVAHITTA

SHUKATUNDAU KARAU KRUTVA

VAKSHASYABHIMUKHANCHITAU

SANAIRADHOMUKHAVIDHAU

SOVAHITTA ITI SMRUTAHA
 

Meaning: When two hands in the Shukatunda position meet each other on the chest with palms turned upwards and the palms are turning slowly over downwards, it is called the Avahitta hasta.

Usages: weakness, to sigh, to find somebody.

13. VARDHAMANA

VIGNEYO VARDHAMANASTU

HAMSAPAKSHAHU PARANMUKHAU

JALAVATAYANADINAM

PRAYOKTAVYO VIGHATONE
 

Meaning: When two hands in the Hamsapaksha position are crossed at the wrist, it is called the Vardhamana hasta.

Usages: opening the windows, doors etc.
 

 
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